Spatio-temporal variations in Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus) abundance with notes on major habitat types in North Punjab, Pakistan

Muhammad Arslan Asadi, Muhammad Rais, Sadia Munir, Muhammad Saeed2, Muhammad Jawad Jilani, Ayesha Akram, Tariq Mahmood, Maqsood Anwar


We employed distance sampling using line transect method to gather data on abundance of Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus) in various habitats (wetland habitat, croplands, urban habitat and scrubland) during different seasons (winter: December, 2013 to February, 2014; summer: April-June, 2014) at Chakwal, Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan. We recorded highest population density (9.27 individuals ha-1) of Red-wattled Lapwing from wetland area while lowest population density from cropland area (0.38 individuals ha-1) during the study period. We recorded highest population density (3.69 individuals ha-1) from wetland areas during winter while urban and scrubland areas had highest population density (0.13 individuals ha-1 each) during summer. The univariate generalized linear model revealed that number of individuals Red-wattled Lapwing differed significantly among the habitats (F (3, 48) = 5. 73, P= 0. 002) but non-significantly during the seasons (F (3, 48) = 2. 57, P= 0. 11). The variations in abundance among various habitat types in a given season revealed occurrence of the species in a particular habitat such as urban and cropland areas in summer associated with natural history events such as breeding.

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