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Author Guidelines

The manuscripts are accepted through the online submission system at journal website Before submission, the author(s) should register a profile online and provide detailed information regarding email address, postal address and phone number for correspondence. After registration, the online submission system will guide the authors stepwise for uploading of files. All correspondence, including recipient acknowledgement, notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is communicated to corresponding e-mail.

The manuscript can also be submitted to the editorial office via email ([email protected]).


Manuscript Preparation

Language of manuscript

The authors should write text in good English in American or British. If the English language of the manuscript is inappropriate, the authors may require English editing to remove grammatical mistakes. The editing services may be used from online available English Webshops.


Article preparation

Journal of Applied Agriculture and Biotechnology (JAAB) publishes full length research articles that contain detailed and comprehensive descriptions of complete experimental work, with sufficient explanation and interpretation of the theoretical and experimental results and data, or review articles that provide insights on the topic with prime focus on current developments and future trends in the field of applied agriculture and biotechnology. Full length research articles should be organized properly under the following section headings



Materials and Methods




Acknowledgment (if any)



Authors should concisely present materials and methods with clarity, presenting all the sources and experimental conditions in detail with proper scientific references in a logical manner.


Article length and format

The average length of the article should be of approximately 4000-8000 words, including tables and figures for original research articles, 4000 words for short communications and 10,000 words for review articles. Prepare the text in word (MS) doc file.  Page margins should be adjusted 2.5 cm margins with no justification on right side. The manuscript format should be Times New Romans font style with double line spacing (12 pt).


Title page

The following information must be provided in the title page

  • Title of the paper
  • Running title (maximum up to 60 characters)
  • Author name(s)
  • Author affiliation(s) with complete postal and E-mail addresses,
  • Postal, Email address, phone and fax numbers of the corresponding author
  • Names of three potential international reviewers with complete address including e-mail.


Avoid the use of titles in author's name. The affiliation address for each author should be indicated by superscript Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, etc.). Corresponding author should be indicated by asterisk (*).


Title of the manuscript

A concise and informative title of the manuscript should be given. Avoid the use of abbreviations and formulae in the title.


Articles must include an Abstract of not more than 250 words. The abstract should briefly address the purpose, significance, major findings and conclusion of the research work. Avoid use of uncommon abbreviations and references in the abstract.


Key words

The abstract must be followed by a maximum upto six key words. Key words should not be the repetition of title words, rather should cover the contents of the paper. Avoid use of general terms and abbreviations in the key words.


The introduction of the manuscript should provide precise context of the work with integration of previous knowledge and research work in the field. The purpose of the introduction is to provide a logical background of the work. The introduction must contain the brief problem statement, work's significance, proposed hypothesis and objectives of the research work. Most recent references to support background of the work must preferably be used. Detailed review and referencing in the introduction should be avoided.


Materials and Methods

The material and method section of the article should encompass the sufficient description of experimental design and procedure to allow the work to be reproduced. Cite previously published procedures in References avoid presenting the detail of such procedures.


Results and Discussion

Results can be presented in tables or figures and text while discussion section should provide the significance of results and key findings. Results must not be repeated in the discussion section rather the interpretation of results with critical considerations and logical reasoning should be presented. Discussion should only include a suitable number of literature and other relevant materials such as patents, reports and books to support the research findings. Results and discussion may be provided as a separate chapter of the manuscript or may in combined form.



The conclusion of the research work should be given separately at the end of the discussion section.


Any financial or technical support must be acknowledged after the conclusion of the work being published or carried out. Don’t include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or in any other form.



References should be cited in the text according to following guidelines:

  • The name of a single author and year should be given in parenthesis (Ahmad, 2015)
  • The name of two authors should be written with “and” e.g (Ahmad and Arshad, 2015)
  • Whereas for three authors, only the name of the first author should be written followed by “et al.,” e.g. (Ahmad et al., 2015).
  • For more than three publications refrence should be arranged in chronological order separated by semi colon e:g (Ahmad, 2011; Arshad et al., 2015)
  • For more than one publication of single author in the same year use alphabets “a and b”  with the reference cited.


Reference list must be provided at the end:

  • Arrange the separate reference cited list in alphabetical order
  • All the co-authors must be cited in the reference.
  • Consistency of names and dates should be carefully checked with citation in text.



Reference style


Journal Article:

Ahmad, R. and J.K. Arshad. 2015. Effect of biochar on plant growth under drought stress. J. Appl. Agri. Biotechnol., 30(1): 489-496.

Ahmad, R., M.A. Rasheed and J.K Arshad. 2015. Effect of biochar on plant growth under drought stress. J. Appl. Agri. Biotechnol., 30(1): 489-496.



Authors name as per format given for the journal article. Year. Title of book in full. edition. Publisher, City/Country, Pages.


Book Chapter:

Author/authors name as per format of the journal article. Year. Chapter title (as per title of journal article). In: Name of book. Name of editor/editors (eds edition. Publisher, Publisher, City/Country, Pages.


Electronic Source:

Authors name as per format given for the journal article. Year. Title of the article. Full web address. Accessed 07/01/2001. Updated



Tables and Figures


Tables and figures should be provided separately from the main text. Tables must be provided according to the following guidelines:


  • Each table should be placed separately on each page
  • The font and size of the table should be adjusted to fit each table individually on separate sheet.
  • Use Arabic numerals for the tables (e.g Table 1, Table 2)
  • Place footnotes at the bottom of table body and indicate with superscript symbols (*, ∫, ᵴ, etc).
  • Define the uncommon abbreviations in the foot notes of the table body.


The guidelines for figures are:

  • Each figure should be placed separately on each page.
  • Use Arabic numerals to number figures (e.g., Figure 1, Figure 2)
  • Composite figures should be numbered in lowercase and bold font letters (a, b, c, etc) without parenthesis.
  • All figures should be prepared with processors compatible to most of the programmes that are capable of producing high resolution files.
  • Blurred images will not be accepted.
  • A descriptive figure legend should be provided at the bottom of the picture. All the abbreviations and units must be explained at the bottom of figure in the legend.


 Manuscript checklist


At the end of the manuscript preferably provide the checklist as follows:

  • One author nominated as corresponding author in the title page
  • Postal and e-adress of the corresponding author
  • Running title
  • Research highlights
  • Key words
  • Number of tables and figures
  • Page numbers
  • All tables and figures.
  • References are in the correct format.
  • All the cited references are presented in the reference list and vice versa.
  • Names of three potential reviewers with complete address, including e-mail.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. One author nominated as corresponding author in the title page
  2. Postal and e-adress of the corresponding author
  3. Running title
  4. Research highlights
  5. Key words
  6. Number of tables and figures
  7. Page numbers
  8. All tables and figures
  9. References are in the correct format
  10. All the cited references are present in the reference list and vice versa
  11. Names of three potential Reviewers with complete address, including E-mail

Copyright Notice

After acceptance of an article in JAAB, authors will be requested to complete an ‘Agreement' describing the rights regarding publication. The editorial office will send an e-mail to the corresponding author for confirmation of recipient of the ‘Publishing Agreement'.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.